Common name: Peyote, Mescal Button, Divine Cactus
Peyote, a native of Chihuahua desert, is the most famous of the hallucinogenic cactus of Mexico. Even today remains the sacred plant that governs the spiritual life of the Huicholes. The Spanish chronicles referred to "those who ate the native peyote were possessed by terrifying devil visions."
It is now an endangered species at the high predation that has suffered in its natural environment. Because of its slow growth rate, groups that still use miss several years before gathering again in the same place.
This cactus is growing very slowly (it is estimated that after 15 years acquires a size suitable for ritual use), which are round, small and bluish green.
Peyote has many uses in traditional medicine: to treat the flu, arthritis, diabetes, intestinal disorders, snake bites, scorpion bite and Datura poisoning. The Tarahumara consume small amounts of peyote to combat hunger, thirst and exhaustion while going to hunt and when running behind a deer for days without food, water or rest.
Peyote, like other cacti, it is difficult to cultivate with seeds, but taking the necessary precautions can be reached reproduce without problems. The seeds have a low rate of viability, it is not expected to be achieved in developing much of them. The substrate must be slightly basic with a pH of about 7,5-8, and with good drainage. It must be watered infrequently, and only after the soil is completely dry.
Winter watering is not necessary and should be caring for temperatures lower than 0 °.
In some cases easy grafted cacti peyotes in with a higher rate of growth, such as the San Pedro.